Research Digest
August & September 2018


Transportation in Canada 2017 

June 2018 (Transport Canada)

  • The annual report is an overview of the transportation sector in Canada for all modes (air, rail, marine and road). 


Clearing the Air with a Complex System: A Pan-Canadian Approach to Carbon Pricing and Reducing GHG Emissions

July 4, 2018 (Conference Board of Canada)

  • This report looks at the carbon pricing policies and systems across Canada.


Energy use and CO2 emissions in Canadian oil refineries 1990 to 2016 

July 16, 2018 (Canadian Energy and Emissions Data Centre CEEDC)

  • “Energy: Total energy use in the Canadian petroleum refining industry in 2016 is about 11% lower than 1990. Data on RPP production useful in calculating intensity indicate that refineries were 18% more efficient than in 1990 based on production.”  


Speed Bump Ahead: Ottawa Should Drive Slowly on Clean Fuel Standards

July 19, 2018 (C.D. Howe) 

  • “Ottawa should clear up confusion about its plans for clean fuel standards, according to a new report by the C.D. Howe Institute.  In “Speed Bump Ahead: Ottawa Should Drive Slowly on Clean Fuel Standards” author Benjamin Dachis argues federal policymakers must examine the inherent limitations and potential economic costs of a clean fuel standard system.”


An Economic Assessment of the International Maritime Organization Sulphur Regulations on Markets for Canadian Crude Oil 

July 31, 2018 (Canadian Energy Research Institute CERI)

  • “The results show that the optimization of US refineries at a Petroleum Administration Defense District level (PADD-level) can lead to a potential displacement of some volumes of certain crudes that have historically been processed in some PADDs. Also, our results indicate that heavy sour crudes are likely to displace mostly light sweet and medium crudes in a logistically and operationally unconstrained environment. In addition, increases in heavy sweet crudes are expected in some PADDs.”


Driving Vehicle Sales – Utility, affordability and Efficiency 

August 8, 2018 (Fuels Institute) - US focus

  • “This white paper is designed to provide additional context when evaluating the trends of vehicle purchases in the United States. It is not a comprehensive assessment of all variables that influence that market, but does provide unique perspective on these three economic variables and how they might be influencing consumers when they shop for a vehicle.”


2018 Annual Fleet Fuel Study 

August 28, 2018 (North American Council for Freight Efficiency)

  • “The average fleet-wide fuel economy of the trucks in this study was 7.28 mpg in 2017 up from 7.14 in 2016. After a year of a very small improvement, 2016 over 2015, the fleets in 2017 averaged 7.28 MPG fleet wide, an improvement of 2% over 2016. This increase in fuel efficiency returned the year-over-year improvement to the level of the past eight years.”